Timber Species

COMMON WOOD SPECIES NOMENCLATURE – LATIN/ENGLISH

 

EUROPE:

Coniferous:

Family:                      Latin name:                 Known as:

Pinaceae                  Larix decidua              European Larch

                                 Larix kaempferi           Japanese larch

                                 Larix sibirica                Siberian larch

                                 Pinus nigra                  Austrian pine/Corsican pine

                                 Pinus contorta             Lodgepole pine

                                 Pinus pinaster             Maritime pine

                                 Pinus sylvestris           Scots pine/REDWOOD

                                 Abies alba                   Silver fir/WHITEWOOD

                                 Picea sitchensis          Sitka spruce 

                                 Picea abies                 Norway spruce/WHITEWOOD

Cupressaceae        Thuja plicata                Western red cedar

Taxaceae                Taxus baccata             Yew

Note.      One species without a family:

                                 Pseudotsuga menziesii        Douglas fir

Deciduous/Broadleaved:

Family:                      Latin name:                Known as:

Aceraceae               Acer spp.                    Maple

                                 Acer pseudoplatanus Sycamore

Betulaceae              Alnus glutinosa           Alder

                                 Betula spp.                 Birch 

Fagaceae                 Fagus sylvatica          Beech

                                 Castanea sativa         Sweet chestnut/European chestnut

                                 Quercus spp.              Oak

Juglandacaea         Juglans regia              Walnut

Oleaceae                  Fraxinus excelsior      Ash

Salicaceae               Populus                      Poplar

                                 Salix                            Willow

Tiliaceae                  Tilia                             Lime

Ulmaceae                Ulmus                          Elm

 

Source of map: European Forest Institute - http://www.efi.int/

 

Asia:

Coniferous

Family:                                 Latin Name:                                      Known as:

Araucariaceae                     Agathis alba                                     East Indian kauri

Cupressaceae                    Cupressus torulosa                           Himalayan cypress

                                            Juniperus macropoda                        Indian juniper

Pinaceae                             Abies mariesii                                   Japanese fir

                                            Abies pindrow                                    Himalayan silver fir

                                            Cedrus deodara                                 Deodar

                                            Pinus densiflora                                 Japanese red pine

                                            Pinus longifolia                                   Chir

                                            Pinus wallichiana                                Blue pine

                                            Picea jezoensis                                  Japanese spruce

                                            Picea morinda                                    Himalayan spruce

Podocarpaceae                 Dacrydium elatum                              Sempilor

Taxodiaceae                      Crytomeria japonica                           Sugi

 

Deciduous/Broadleaved

Family:                                 Latin Name:                                      Known as:

Aceraceae                          Acer mono                                         Japanese maple

Apocynaceae                      Dyera costulata                                 Jelutong

Arecaceae                          Elaeis quineensis                               Palm

Combretaceae                    Terminalia alata                                  Indian laurel

Dipterocarpaceae               Anisoptera spp                                    Mersawa

                                           Dryobalanops                                      Kapur

                                Dypterocarpus                                    Keruing/Gurjun

                                Parashorea malaanonan                    White seraya

                                           Shorea spp                                         Meranti/seraya/lauan
                                                                                                      aka
                                                                                                          Light red meranti
                                                                                                          Dark red meranti
                                                                                                          Dark red Seraya
                                                                                                          Light red meranti
                                                                                                          Light red seraya
                                                                                                          White lauan
                                                                                                          Red lauan
                                                                                                          Yellow meranti
                                                                                                          Yellow seraya
                                                                                                          White meranti
 
                                          Shorea laevis/seminis                        Selang batu (log form)
                                                                                                     yellow balau/bangkirai
 
Ebenaceae                        Diospyros                                           Ebony

                               Diospyros marmorata                        Andaman marblewood

Euphorbiaceae                  Hevea brasiliensis                             Rubber tree

Fagaceae                          Quercus mongolica                           Japanese white oak

Gonystylaceae                  Gonystylus                                        Ramin

Juglandaceae                   Juglans regia                                    Walnut

Leguminosae                    Dalbergia latifolia                              Indian rosewood

                                         Dalbergia oliveri                                Tulip wood, Myanmar

                                         Dalium                                               Keranji

                                         Intsia palembanica/bijuga                 Merbau

                                         Koompassia malaccensis                 Kempas

                                         Pahudia rhomboidea                        Tindalo

                                         Pterocarpus indicus                          Narra

                                         Pterocarpus dalbergioides               Andaman padauk

                                         Pterocarpus macrocarpus                Padauk, Myanmar

                                         Malvaceae                                        Indian boxwood

                                         Sindora spp                                      Sepetir

                                         Pseudosindora palustris                   Swamp sepetir

 

Meliaceae                         Toona ciliata                                    Cedar, Myanmar

Rutaceae                          Chloroxylon swietenia                      Satinwood

Santalaceae                     Santalum album                               Sandalwood

Sapotaceae                      Palaquium spp                                 Dulitan/malacmalac, eg.

Steruliaceae                     Heritiera                                           Mengkulang

Tiliaceae                           Pentace triptera                               Melanuk

                                         Pentace burmanica                          Thitka

Verbenaceae                   Tectona grandis                                Teak

 

 

NORTH AMERICA:

 

Coniferous

Family:                                 Latin Name:                                      Known as:

Cupressaceae                    Thuja plicata                                      Western red cedar

                                           Chamaecyparis nootkatensis            Yellow cedar

                                           Chamaecyparis lawsonia                  Port Orford cedar

Pinaceae                             Abies amabilis                                  Amabilis Fir       

                                           Abies balsamea                                Balsam fir

                                           Tsuga Canadensis                            Eastern hemlock

                                           Tsuga heterophylla                           Western hemlock

                                            Larix occidentalis                             Western larch

                                            Pinus contorta                                  Lodgepole pine

                                            Pinus palustris                                  Pitch pine

                                            Pinus ponderosa                              Ponderosa pine

                                            Pinus monticola                                Western white pine

                                            Pinus strobus                                    Yellow pine

                                            Picea glauca                                     East Canadian spruce

                                            Picea glauca (albertiana)                  Western White spruce

                                            Picea Engelmannii                            Engelmann spruce

                                            Picea sitchensis                                Sitka spruce

 

Note.    One species without a family:

                                            Pseudotsuga menziesii                     Douglas fir

 

Deciduous/Broadleaved

Family:                                 Latin Name:                                      Known as:

Aceraceae                           Acer saccharum/nigrum                   Hard maple

                                            Acer saccharinum/rubrum                Soft maple

Betulaceae                          Alnus rubra                                       Red alder

                                            Betula papyrifera                              Paper birch

                                            Betula alleghaniensis                       Yellow birch

Fagaceae                           Castnaea dentate                             American chestnut

                                           Quercus alba                                    White oak

                                           Quercus falcata                                Red oak, south

                                           Quercus rubra                                  Red oak, north

Juglandaceae                    Juglans nigra                                    American walnut

Magnoliaceae                    Liriodendron tulipifera                      Tulip wood/
                                                                                                    yellow poplar

Oleaceae                           Fraxinus Americana                         White ash

Rosaceae                          Prunus serotine                                American cherry

Salicaceae                         Populus tremuloides                        Canadian aspen

                                          Populus trichocarpa                         Black cottonwood

                                          Populus balsamifera                        Canadian poplar

Tiliaceae                           Tilia Americana                                 Basswood

 

 

 

*Please note that this listing is a guide only, and is not exhaustive.

More content to follow.

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