Timber Species

COMMON WOOD SPECIES NOMENCLATURE – LATIN/ENGLISH

 

EUROPE:

Coniferous:

Family:                      Latin name:                 Known as:

Pinaceae                  Larix decidua              European Larch

                                 Larix kaempferi           Japanese larch

                                 Larix sibirica                Siberian larch

                                 Pinus nigra                  Austrian pine/Corsican pine

                                 Pinus contorta             Lodgepole pine

                                 Pinus pinaster             Maritime pine

                                 Pinus sylvestris           Scots pine, aka REDWOOD (R/W)

                                 Abies alba                   Silver fir, aka WHITEWOOD (W/W)

                                 Picea sitchensis          Sitka spruce

                                 Picea abies                 Norway spruce , aka WHITEWOOD (W/W)

Cupressaceae        Thuja plicata                Western red cedar

Taxaceae                Taxus baccata             Yew

Note.      One species without a family:

                                 Pseudotsuga menziesii        Douglas fir

Deciduous/Broadleaved:

Family:                      Latin name:                Known as:

Aceraceae               Acer spp.                    Maple

                                 Acer pseudoplatanus Sycamore

Betulaceae              Alnus glutinosa           Alder

                                 Betula spp.                 Birch

Fagaceae                 Fagus sylvatica          Beech

                                 Castanea sativa         Sweet chestnut/European chestnut

                                 Quercus spp.              Oak

Juglandacaea         Juglans regia              Walnut

Oleaceae                  Fraxinus excelsior      Ash

Salicaceae               Populus                      Poplar

                                 Salix                            Willow

Tiliaceae                  Tilia                             Lime

Ulmaceae                Ulmus                          Elm

 

Source of map: European Forest Institute - http://www.efi.int/

 

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