Cement is created by a complex process involving multiple ingredients, testing is therefore essential to ensure compliance with specification and application requirements. Alfonso Rivera, Technical Department and Field Service Manager for materials testing ELE International, UK, reports.
Dr Harriet van der Vliet*, Quantum Engineer at Oxford Instruments, Dr George Lengel at SPECS-TII Inc. and Dr Alessandro Pioda at SPECS Zurich GmbH explain how quantum transport measurement systems, such as the Nanonis Tramea, facilitate research in device characterisation.
The Shinkansen, or bullet train as it is affectionately known, redefined rail transport. Making its debut in the 1960s, it presaged a new era of high-speed travel, transforming not just its host country Japan, but also the wider region and the world. Gary Peters reports.